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The largest Kansas earthquake in recent years was a M 4.9 event in 2014 that was thought to have been caused by induced seismicity. The epicenter was in Sumner County near Milan, where some buildings suffered minor damage. At least 31 felt earthquakes in Kansas were documented in newspaper accounts and other sources between 1867 and 1976. In January 2001, natural gas explosions in the central Kansas town of Hutchinson killed two people, destroyed two downtown businesses, and created a series of geyser-like spouts of water and gas. The Kansas Geological Survey was instrumental in determining the source of the gas and remediating the problem. KGS researchers used shallow seismic ...Point of Rocks is west off of Kansas Highway 27 about 10 miles north of Elkhart. It is in the Cimarron National Grassland managed by the U.S. Forest Service. The grassland encompasses more than 108,000 acres of land left in poor condition after the Dust Bowl of the 1930s and restored by the federal government. Wagon ruts are visible in places.Minerals are made of smaller units called elements. A few minerals, called native elements, are made of only one type of element. Of the 20 native elements, sulfur is the only one that occurs naturally in Kansas, and it is found only in small quantities. All other minerals in the state are chemical compounds—a combination of two or more elements. Assessment of Groundwater Mineralization in the Upper Arkansas River Corridor. Links. Kansas By County , State Geological Surveys , Repositories of Geological Materials , Kansas Sites , Universities , Professional Organizations , more... Recent Earthquakes from the Survey's Network.Gypsum is a mineral commonly found in Kansas. When salty seawater evaporates, dissolved salts, including the mineral gypsum, are left behind. If conditions are right, large quantities of gypsum build up into thick beds of sedimentary rock. The gypsum throughout the state was deposited during the Permian, when an arm of the inland sea was cut ...Oolite is a type of sedimentary rock, usually limestone, made up of ooids cemented together.An ooid is a small spherical grain that forms when a particle of sand or other nucleus is coated with concentric layers of …In October 2020, The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE), began long‐term in‐stream monitoring …Vertebrate fossils—of gliding reptiles that dominated the sky, of sharks and swimming reptiles that ruled the sea, of dinosaurs and mammoths that roamed the land—are …Fossils of the large, swimming reptiles called mosasaurs are common in western Kansas chalk beds, which were deposited in Cretaceous seas. Although mosasaur species varied in length, some grew to be more than 50 feet long. The longest one found in Kansas was about 40 feet long. Mosasaurs had long bodies, sharp teeth, and paddle-like limbs.The Flint Hills were formed by the erosion of Permian-age limestones and shales. During the early part of the Permian Period (about 299 to 252 million years ago), shallow seas covered much of the state, as they did earlier in the Pennsylvanian subperiod. Unlike the Pennsylvanian limestones found at the surface to the east, many of the ... 2 Images. Aquifers are underground layers of porous and permeable rock or unconsolidated sediment, such as sand and gravel, that hold water. Porous means that rocks contain pores, or holes, and permeable means the pores are interconnected in a way that allows water to flow from pore to pore. Spaces containing water in sand and gravel or loosely ... GeoKansas. GeoKansas, hosted by the Kansas Geological Survey, is a comprehensive site that describes the geology of the state of Kansas. This site contains a very useful guide to Kansas fossils. Oceans of Kansas. Oceans of Kansas is a site devoted to fossils of Kansas and fossils from the late Cretaceous western interior sea.Sandstone, a sedimentary rock, is formed when grains of sand are compacted and cemented together over thousands or millions of years. The sand grains often are composed of the minerals quartz or feldspar that were worn off other rocks and ground down into pebbles. Sandstone varies in color depending on the color of the sand grains it …The surface of the Wellington-McPherson Lowlands region of south-central Kansas is mainly a relatively flat to rolling alluvial plain, made up of unconsolidated sand, silt, and gravel. The region is dissected by the Arkansas River Lowlands region, which encompasses the Arkansas River floodplain. Within the Wellington-McPherson Lowlands, the ...Another catastrophic collapse—known as the Cargill sinkhole because of its proximity to the Cargill Salt company—left railroad tracks dangling precariously in midair and grew to 200 feet in diameter in just 14 hours in 1974. Three weeks later, the diameter stabilized at 300 feet. The KGS uses seismic reflection techniques to study sinkholes.How rocks are named. In the same way that biologists use categories to identify animals and plants, geologists have created categories such as formations, groups, and members to distinguish one rock layer from another. Clockwise, from top left: chert outcrop, Flint Hills; brachiopods commonly found in Kansas rocks; Cottonwood Limestone fence ... Mass extinctions. Mass extinctions are episodes in which a large number of plant and animal species become extinct within a relatively short period of geologic time—from possibly a few thousand to a few million years. After each of the five major mass extinctions that have occurred over the last 500 million years, life rebounded.One of the most common rocks in Kansas, limestone is a sedimentary rock composed mainly of the mineral calcite, which is a calcium carbonate. Most limestone layers formed from marine sediment deposited on sea floors, although some formed in freshwater lakes and rivers and even on dry land. Sources for the calcite in limestone include seashells.Post rock country is about 200 miles long, stretching diagonally southwest from near the Nebraska border in Washington County to just north of Dodge City in Ford County. East to west, it ranges from less than 10 miles to nearly 60 miles wide. Still dotted with the fence posts, the region also has many churches, barns, homes, bridges, businesses ...Based on common landscape features and geological history, geologists have divided Kansas into the 11 different regions shown on the map. Each region tells a unique story about Kansas geology. Arkansas River Lowlands. Chautauqua Hills. Cherokee Lowlands. Flint Hills. Glaciated Region. High Plains. Osage Cuestas.Bordering the Spring River in Cherokee County, the Spring River Wildlife Area falls just within the Ozark Plateau region. Habitat in the 424-acre area includes oak and hickory forest, native prairie, restored native grasses, and croplands. A sandstone ridge overlooks the river. An additional 62-acre tract of the wildlife area is one mile ...When an increasing frequency of earthquakes rattled south-central Kansas, starting in 2013, the KGS deployed technology to gather geologic information and pinpoint the cause, shared information with neighboring states, and helped state officials develop a response plan. Since then, the KGS has set up a permanent network of seismic stations to ...Ozark Plateau. The Ozark Plateau region is the smallest in Kansas, covering just 55 square miles in the southeastern tip of Cherokee County and the state. It is, however, part of the much larger regional Ozark …The KGS Drill Core Library in Lawrence is the repository for more than 67,000 boxes of drilling core and rock samples from more than 5,000 drill holes, primarily from Kansas. Cores—cylindrical sections of rock from a drill hole—are available for public viewing and research. The Wichita Well Sample Library (WWSL) is the repository for ...Oolite. Oolite is a type of sedimentary rock, usually limestone , made up of ooids cemented together. An ooid is a small spherical grain that forms when a particle of sand or other nucleus is coated with concentric layers of calcite or other minerals. Ooids most often form in shallow, wave-agitated marine water. Just as oolitic limestones form ... In the transitional zone between eastern tallgrass and western shortgrass prairie, Quivira National Wildlife Refuge lies mainly in northeastern Stafford County but also overlaps into Rice and Reno counties. This 22,135-acre refuge has a mixed-grass and prairie ecosystem that encompasses grasslands, marshes, stream corridors, salt flats, sand ...Vertebrate fossils—of gliding reptiles that dominated the sky, of sharks and swimming reptiles that ruled the sea, of dinosaurs and mammoths that roamed the land—are …Clams and their relatives (oysters, scallops, and mussels) are often called bivalves (or bivalved mollusks) because their shell is composed of two parts called valves. Bivalves have a long history. Their fossils first appear in rocks that date to the middle of the Cambrian Period, about 510 million years ago.GeoKansas, hosted by the Kansas Geological Survey, is a comprehensive site that describes the geology of the state of Kansas. This site contains a very useful guide to …2 Images. Aquifers are underground layers of porous and permeable rock or unconsolidated sediment, such as sand and gravel, that hold water. Porous means that rocks contain pores, or holes, and permeable means the pores are interconnected in a way that allows water to flow from pore to pore. Spaces containing water in sand and gravel or loosely ...Magical Drop II is a 1996 puzzle video game developed and published by Data East for the Neo Geo arcade and home platforms. It was later ported to Neo Geo CD, Super Famicom, and Sega Saturn.It is the second entry in the Magical Drop series. In the game, the player takes control of one of several characters, battling against computer-controlled …As oil prices have risen and fallen, production in the state has gone through boom and bust cycles. Through 2018, the cumulative production in Kansas is more than 6.7 billion barrels of oil and 41.2 trillion cubic feet of natural gas. The most recent information about Kansas oil and gas production is available on the KGS website.Explore Northeast Kansas. Northeast Kansas encompasses the Glaciated physiographic region in the north and part of the Osage Cuestas along its southern edge. At sites in this area, you'll find massive quartzite boulders transported from northern states by glaciers, a water stop vital to travelers on the Oregon Trail, scenic drives, and ...Explore Northeast Kansas. Northeast Kansas encompasses the Glaciated physiographic region in the north and part of the Osage Cuestas along its southern edge. At sites in this area, you'll find massive quartzite boulders transported from northern states by glaciers, a water stop vital to travelers on the Oregon Trail, scenic drives, and ...cross-bedding. fossils of bivalves, gastropods, mollusks, and other marine animals. Kanopolis was the first state park in Kansas. In 1948, a dam was completed across the Smoky Hill River to contain the water within surrounding ravines and canyons. The park has more than 30 miles of scenic trails for hiking, mountain biking, and horseback riding.Minerals are made of smaller units called elements. A few minerals, called native elements, are made of only one type of element. Of the 20 native elements, sulfur is the only one that occurs naturally in Kansas, and it is found only in small quantities. All other minerals in the state are chemical compounds—a combination of two or more elements. Explore Southwest Kansas. The High Plains of southwest Kansas, bisected by part of the Arkansas River Lowlands, are known for farmland and feedlots. But geologic sites of interest include two large sinkholes, a high outcrop once important to travelers on the Santa Fe Trail's Cimarron Cutoff because it signaled water was nearby, and an area once ...Learn more about earthquakes, sinkholes, landslides, and environmental issues facing Kansas today and the KGS role in addressing them. Discover Kansas’ rich geologic history, unusual and unexpected topography, and natural resource gems in every corner of the state. Maps, oil and water well drills, seismic sensors, and other geologic tools ...How rocks are named. In the same way that biologists use categories to identify animals and plants, geologists have created categories such as formations, groups, and members to distinguish one rock layer from another. Clockwise, from top left: chert outcrop, Flint Hills; brachiopods commonly found in Kansas rocks; Cottonwood Limestone fence ...Silvisaurus was a plant-eating dinosaur with hard-plate body armor. It belongs to a family of herbivore, armored dinosaurs known as nodosaurs. The only dinosaur identified as a silvisaurus, so far, was found in Ottawa County, Kansas, in 1960.The only known specimen of Silvisaurus was found not in marine rock, as other dinosaurs in Kansas were, but in …Foraminifera, atau disingkat foram, adalah grup besar protista amoeboid dengan pseudopodia. [2] Dalam sains modern, istilah foraminifera digunakan sebagai bentuk tunggal atau jamak dari kelompok ini dan sering kali ditulis dalam lowercase. [3] Cangkang atau kerangka foraminifera merupakan petunjuk dalam pencarian sumber daya minyak, gas alam ...The Flint Hills Scenic Byway stretches 48 miles along Kansas Highway 177 from Cassoday in northeastern Butler County to Council Grove in Morris County. Besides providing a view of prime Flint Hills and tallgrass prairie scenery, the route takes you to Cottonwood Falls, home of the Chase County Courthouse, and the Tallgrass Prairie National ...The carapace is divided lengthwise into three lobes (hence, the name trilobite): a prominent central axis and two flatter lobes. The carapace consists of a head, or cephalon, which is typically crescent shaped; a middle region called the thorax, made up of a number of overlapping segments (anywhere from 2 to 61); and a tail, or pygidium, in ...Fort Larned lies at the intersection of three of the state's 11 physiographic regions — the Arkansas River Lowlands, the High Plains, and the Smoky Hills. Regional boundaries are drawn based on landforms — hills, plains, and river valleys — and the geologic forces that shaped them. The Pawnee River is a tributary of the Arkansas River.Map of Oil and Gas Data in Kansas - University of Kansas ... CancelFossils in Kansas. Fossils specimens: Delocrinus, Acanthoceras, Meganeuropsis. Many Kansas rocks are full of fossils, the remains of plants or animals that have been …Mass extinctions. Mass extinctions are episodes in which a large number of plant and animal species become extinct within a relatively short period of geologic time—from possibly a few thousand to a few million years. After each of the five major mass extinctions that have occurred over the last 500 million years, life rebounded. Assessment of Groundwater Mineralization in the Upper Arkansas River Corridor. Links. Kansas By County , State Geological Surveys , Repositories of …Explore Southwest Kansas. The High Plains of southwest Kansas, bisected by part of the Arkansas River Lowlands, are known for farmland and feedlots. But geologic sites of interest include two large sinkholes, a high outcrop once important to travelers on the Santa Fe Trail's Cimarron Cutoff because it signaled water was nearby, and an area once ...The second route — the Gyp Hills Scenic Drive — is a 22-mile loop through the heart of the Red Hills region in Barber County. Starting three miles west of Medicine Lodge at the junction of Highway 160 and Gyp Hills Road, the route runs south on Gyp Hills Road, turns west on Scenic Drive, and heads back north toward the highway on Lake City ...Most sinkholes in central Kansas, whether natural or related to human activities, are the result of dissolution of halite (rock salt) by groundwater in the Hutchinson Salt Member. That thick salt bed—about 350 feet thick and 400 feet deep in the Hutchinson area—formed from deposits of salt and other sediment left behind when a shallow sea covering the area receded about 252 million years ...GeoKansas. Presented by the Kansas Geological Survey Geology Extension, GeoKansas presents regional information about the geology and geography …The Kansas High Plains region is an area of vast flatlands and gently rolling plains. Topographic relief is largely restricted to streams and river valleys and is most notable in the Arikaree Breaks in the far northeast corner of the state, at Point of Rocks along the Cimarron River in the far southwest corner, and around Lake Scott State Park.One method is based on magnitude—the amount of energy released at the earthquake source. The other is based on intensity—how much the ground shakes at a specific location. Although several scales have been developed over the years, the two commonly used today in the United States are the moment magnitude scale, which measures magnitude (M ...Coronado Heights. Rising more than 300 feet above the Smoky Hill River valley, Coronado Heights is on the southern end of a four-mile chain of hills known as the Smoky Hill Buttes. North of Lindsborg, which is in northern McPherson County, Coronado Heights lies just across the line in Saline County. Capped by hard sandstones of the Dakota ...Another catastrophic collapse—known as the Cargill sinkhole because of its proximity to the Cargill Salt company—left railroad tracks dangling precariously in midair and grew to 200 feet in diameter in just 14 hours in 1974. Three weeks later, the diameter stabilized at 300 feet. The KGS uses seismic reflection techniques to study sinkholes. The carapace is divided lengthwise into three lobes (hence, the name trilobite): a prominent central axis and two flatter lobes. The carapace consists of a head, or cephalon, which is typically crescent shaped; a middle region called the thorax, made up of a number of overlapping segments (anywhere from 2 to 61); and a tail, or pygidium, in ...When linked to human activities, it is referred to as "induced seismicity." Oil and gas operations, mining activities, geothermal energy production, construction, underground nuclear testing, and impoundment of large reservoirs can all be sources of induced seismicity. Beginning in 2013, Kansas saw an unusual increase in earthquake activity in ...Clams and their relatives (oysters, scallops, and mussels) are often called bivalves (or bivalved mollusks) because their shell is composed of two parts called valves. Bivalves have a long history. Their fossils first appear in rocks that date to the middle of the Cambrian Period, about 510 million years ago.Of the three types of rock— sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic —the vast majority at or near the surface in Kansas are sedimentary. Igneous rocks are formed from hot molten magma that pushes up toward the surface from Earth’s interior. Metamorphic rocks are altered from existing rock through heat, pressure, and chemical processes. GeoKansas. GeoKansas, hosted by the Kansas Geological Survey, is a comLoess is a finely ground silt that is deposited by Kansas es uno de los cincuenta estados que, junto con Washington D. C., forman los Estados Unidos de América.Su capital es Topeka y su ciudad más poblada, Wichita.Está …Fossils, Paleontology, and Geoarchaeology. Kansas rocks are full of fossils, the remains of plants or animals that have been preserved in rock. Through fossil finds, geologists and … Shale is a soft, brittle, fine-grained, and Concretion. Concretions are masses of mineral matter embedded within rock layers, including limestone, sandstone, and shale. They often take shape when minerals precipitating (settling) out of water collect around a nucleus, such as a pebble, leaf, shell, bone, or fossil. Concretions most often form in sediment before or as the sediment is ... Data Resources Library at the Kansas Geologica...

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The largest Kansas earthquake in recent years was a M 4.9 event in 2014 that was thought to have been caused b...

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4 Images. In eastern Kansas, most water used for drinking, industry, and other purposes comes from surface water s...

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Chert. Commonly known as flint, chert is found in many Kansas limestones as nodules or continuous beds. It is a sedimentary rock composed ...

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Geologic time: A metaphor. Earth is at least 4.6 billion years old. Such an expanse of time is hard to grasp, but it is fundam...

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The carapace is divided lengthwise into three lobes (hence, the name trilobite): a prominent ...

Want to understand the Kimberlite is one of only two igneous rocks found at the surface in Kansas. Extremely rare in the?
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